Omega 3 oil Biofuel for the Brain
Brown Flax Seeds
BIOFUEL FOR THE BRAIN - Essential Fatty Acids(EFAs)

Flaxseed is a natural pure food, high in protein,(10g)fiber (12g), and low in carbohydrates(12g)(per serving) that the body absorbs easily. It is not a supplement and safely consumed on a daily basis, provides the nutrients of a multivitamin, and is the best source of omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) of any food product.

Omega 3 is an essential fatty acid that must be supplied by the diet, since the body cannot manufacture it or cannot manufacture enough of it.

The working ingredient of fish oil is omega-3 oil, a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) that is also found in Flaxseed. Flax seed is also rich in lignans (phytoestrogens ((phyto=plant) which may prevent some hormonally related cancers), and fiber which is helpful in maintaining regularity and protects against bowel cancer(the oil alone does not have lignans or fiber)

Flax Seed is gaining in popularity because of its nutrient value, its versatile use in cooking as a flour and fat substitute in Recipes and its Health Benefits:
omega 3 oil

The World Health Organization (2008) Recommended per day intake range For Omega 3(PUFA)

  • 6 to 11%E of Total Daily Fat Intake (ranging from 15%-35%E ) to maintain Total Daily Energy (%E) consumption
    0.5 to 0.6%E Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA) per day prevents deficiency symptoms.
Canadian Recommended Nutrient Intake (CRNI) is 0.5% of Total Daily Energy (%E)**
  • Food consumption studies in the US indicate that the majority of Americans do not meet the CRNI for Omega 3 PUFA.**
In France ALA Total Daily Energy (%E) recommendations in aged people are increased:
  • 0.8% Daily Energy Intake in adult, 0.9% in aged
    DHA is multiplied by 2 to (0.05% Daily Energy Intake in adult, 0.1% in aged; as well as in pregnant and lactating women).***
Omega 3 Role in the Developmemt and Aging of the Brain

In view of the high omega-3(PUFA) content of the brain, it is evident that these fats are involved in brain biochemistry, physiology and functioning; and thus in some neuropsychiatric diseases and in the cognitive decline of aging.***

Dietary omega-3(PUFA) are very important to ensure brain structure and function, more specifically during development and aging.***

The brain is one of the organs with the highest level of lipids (fats). Brain lipids, formed of fatty acids, participate in the structure of membranes, for instance 50% of fatty acids are polyunsaturated in the gray matter, 1/3 are of the omega-3 family, and are thus of dietary origin.**** Omega-3 PUFA Deficiency:

Omega-3 PUFA Deficiency can prevent the renewal of membranes, and thus accelerate cerebral aging;****

Among various organs, in the brain, the fatty acids most extensively studied are omega-3 fatty acids. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency alters the structure and function of membranes and induces minor cerebral dysfunctions, as demonstrated in animal models and subsequently in human infants.*

The effect of Omega-3 fatty acids dietary substances (nutrients) on the structure and function of the brain indicate that the nature of PUFA (in particular omega-3) present in formula milks for infants both (premature and term) determines the visual, cerebral, and intellectual abilities*

Omega-3 fatty acids appear to be effective in the prevention of stress, however their role as regulator of mood is a matter for discussion. Indeed, they play a role in the prevention of some disorders including depression (especially post partum), as well as in dementia, particularly Alzheimers disease.*

Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency alters the course of brain development, decreases the perception of pleasure, by slightly altering the effect of sensory organs and by affecting certain cerebral structures.*

Age-related impairment of hearing, vision and smell is due to both decreased effect of the parts of the brain concerned and disorders of sensory receptors, particularly of the inner ear or retina. For example, a given level of perception of a sweet taste requires a larger quantity of sugar in subjects with alpha-linolenic acid deficiency.**

Dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency induces more marked abnormalities in certain cerebral structures than in others, as the frontal cortex and pituitary gland are more severely affected.*

Selective lesions are accompanied by behavioral disorders more particularly affecting certain tests (habituation, adaptation to new situations).* Dietry Supplementation - Omega 3 Enriched Eggs

Biochemical and behavioral abnormalities are partially reversed by a dietary phospholipid(a major component of all cell membranes) supplement, especially Omega-3-Rich egg yolk.*

Three Omega 3 Enriched Eggs provide approximately same amount of omega 3 oil as 1 meal with fish.**

Feeding hens flaxseed increases alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in the egg yolk about 30-fold, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) increases nearly fourfold.**

References: *Bourre JM.,J. Nutr Health Aging. 2004;8(3):163-74 **Poult Sci.2000 Jul;79(7):971-4.Lewis NM,Seburg S,Flanagan NL. ***Bourre JM J Nutr Health Aging. 2005 Jul-Aug;9(4):232-42 ****Bourre JM J Nutr Biochem.1999 Apr;10(4):230-6.
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